A job is a specific task done as part of the routine of one’s occupation for a specific price. There are two types of jobs categories according to time factors: a full-time job and a part-time job. A full-time job is a job that occupies 48-72 hours in a week of the participant, and a part-time job occupies around 30 hours or less in a week. Jobs creation can be done both by the government or by the private sector. However, the availability of a great chance of creation of these jobs depends on the economy. The large the economy of a country, the more labor is required to sustain manufacturing and productivity.
Therefore, the creation of jobs increases employability where skillful and competitive individuals meet the demands of their employers. This means that the current job market requires acquiring knowledge, skills, and capabilities to keep up with the technology-driven economy and modern german technology. Germany has the largest economy in Europe; hence its job market is vast to accommodate its citizens and immigrants. Due to job vacancies and the large population of German citizens being the aged, it receives 400,000 immigrants to sustain its labor want.
Below are the job opportunities available in Germany.
Educational or career choice jobs.
Every country has an educational system that leads the students to specific careers of their choice. In Germany, all citizens are obliged to attend primary and secondary education, and after they have qualified, they join universities to study for their professions. These professions are their jobs after graduation. They include:
- Engineering jobs- there are many types of engineer professions such as civil, mechanical, and vehicle engineer, electrical engineer, architectural engineer, etc. Manufacturing being the biggest economic driver in Germany, engineers are in demand
- Doctors and nurses- occurrence of diseases, accidents, and natural calamities make the need for health staff arise. Health staffs are in demand because of the large population of people who attend hospitals.
- Data scientist- It is a career that deals with collecting, arranging, and analyzing data. To become a data scientist, one needs to complete a bachelor’s in data science, business analytics, computer science, mathematics, statistics, or information technology.
- Computer science- This is a career that deals with the creation of computer software and computer engineering.
- HR manager- These people deal with everything that involves the human resource of the company. This includes the hiring of new and the supervision of existing staff.
- Graphic designers- they design the company’s logos, flyers, advertisements, and websites.
- Accounting jobs- These are primarily in business, marketing and economics, and also banks.
- Scientists and researchers- deals in research institutions and involves a specialist in natural science.
- Teachers and lecturers- These are a group of tutors from primary schools to tertiary levels. They teach other people to their professions.
- Executives- These are the people who create plans and enhance the strategies to succeed in organizations. They are crucial personnel who create and review goals for the companies. They are the intermediary between managers and staff and ensure a good relationship between them to ensure all the plans succeed.
- Secretaries- Secretaries perform office responsibilities for companies. These are receptionist, filling, document management, correspondence, and other office work. Many companies employ secretaries, and therefore they are a lot of job opportunities for secretaries.
- Mariners: These mainly deal with jobs like ship, boat, and other marine-related jobs. Most of these jobs do not include the engineering part but involve the mechanical part where the mariners can do repairs easily.
- Seasonal workers in agriculture: These are farming jobs, such as sowing, harvesting, weeding, pest control, and the marketing part of agriculture. Work in the farms is bulk and requires a lot of people to satisfy its labor. This creates job opportunities for people who have skills in farming.
- Casual jobs: these need a few months of training before being allocated for a job. They include electrician, industrial mechanic, testing manager, an employee in sales, office help, cutting machine operators, electronics technician, process mechanic for plastics and rubber technology, consultant personnel services.
Self-employment and freelancing.
Not all people like to be employed and also the employing companies cannot accommodate all the citizens, mostly those who don’t have the necessary skills. However, the German government has given room for self-employment, freelancing, and online jobs either for citizens or immigrants. There are around 4.7 million people who are self-employed doing it as a full-time job or part-time job.
Many companies and organizations pay for volunteering work, including European voluntary service and Concordia.